Archive of items from Evidence News

Petroglyph not a pterosaur, according to Science (AAAS) News 25 August 2015. Scientists from France, UK and USA have studied a petroglyph on the wall of Black Dragon Canyon that has been claimed to be a giant winged reptile like a pterosaur. The scientists used portable X-ray fluorescence to reveal that the petroglyph is actually a group of five individual petroglyphs, including a human figure and various animals.

The researchers reported their results in the journal Antiquity, where they referenced various creationists, including Vance Nelson, as claiming the petroglyph was a pterosaur.

The Science News article goes on to report as follows: “One of the creationists referenced in the paper, Vance Nelson, wrote a book called Untold Secrets of Planet Earth: Dire Dragons, which argues that ancient people saw dinosaurs, which they called dragons, and depicted the creatures in art, including the Black Dragon Canyon pictograph. However, when he returned to the canyon and reexamined the pictograph shortly after his book was printed in 2011, he realized that the panel showed five separate images. He’s since removed the mention of the Black Dragon Canyon pterosaur from subsequent printings of the book, he says. ‘I completely agree with their findings, and they did a good job,’ Nelson says. ‘I’m disappointed they still referenced me in the paper because I don’t stand by that interpretation anymore.’ When he had his own revelation in 2011, he contacted others within the creation science community but was unable to change some minds, he says. ‘Hopefully this paper, which reveals details invisible to the human eye, will dissuade them from believing in the pterosaur.’”
The above quote also included a link to Vance’s book on the Amazon bookshop.

Link: Science News

Editorial Comment: Note that it was in 2011 that the true nature of this petroglyph was researched by creationists, but in 2015 the writers of the Antiquity report are claiming that they worked it out, and blame creationists for claiming it is a pterosaur.

Vance Nelson explains: “Until early 2011, the preponderance of secular sources on the rock art of Black Dragon Canyon agreed that these pictographs were in fact a unified pictograph that looked something like a bird, or a “Cretaceous flying reptile”. (Barnes, F.A. & M. Pendleton, 1979. Canyon country prehistoric Indians: their cultures, ruins, artifacts, and rock art [Canyon Country 13]. Salt Lake City UT: Wasatch Publishers: p201.) As creationists, however, we’ve known since at least May of 2011, that this evidence was not usable as a pterosaur, since first-hand re-investigation by Vance Nelson demonstrated it was five separate pictographs, and not a single unified pictograph. Furthermore, it didn't take X-ray Fluoresence to prove it.

Vance Nelson has also researched other petroglyphs, including the Kachina Bridge dinosaur. His report Kachina Bridge Dinosaur Refuted? can be downloaded here

Evidence News vol. 15, No. 16
16 September 2015
Creation Research Australia

Oldest sea scorpions found according to ScienceShots 31 August 2015, ScienceDaily 1 September 2015 and BMC Evolutionary Biology, 2015; doi: 10.1186/s12862-015-0443-9. Geologists with the Iowa Geological Survey, and Iowa and Yale Universities have found a large number of fossils of a new species of eurypterid – a type of sea scorpion. Eurypterids now seem to be extinct, but are believed by evolutionists to be ancestors of arthropods such as spiders, lobsters, and ticks.

The specimens are a mix of adults and juveniles, and the scientists estimate the adults were approximately 1.7 meters (5.6 feet) long.

The fossils were found in the fossil bed in a meteorite crater by the Upper Iowa River in northeastern Iowa, and are dated as 467-million-years old. This makes these eurypterids the oldest ever found. According to James Lamsdell of Yale University, who led the study of the fossils, “This shows that eurypterids evolved some 10 million years earlier than we thought, and the relationship of the new animal to other eurypterids shows that they must have been very diverse during this early time of their evolution, even though they are very rare in the fossil record”.

The research team concluded: “Eurypterids either underwent an explosive radiation soon after their origination, or earlier representatives, perhaps Cambrian in age, remain to be discovered”.

ScienceDaily, Science Shots

Editorial Comment: What these fossils really show is that no matter how far back in evolutionary time evolutionists want to go, they only ever find fully formed sea scorpions that are clearly identifiable as eurypterids. They never find some half-evolved creatures that could be something else.

Their two proposed explanations for this do not explain anything. “Explosive radiation” is a term for evolution that happened so fast in the past that we missed it because it left no trace of the changing process. The other explanation that they evolved in the Cambrian age, but we haven’t discovered this yet, is actually baseless wishful thinking.

Either way, the evolutionists’ beliefs are based on faith without evidence. Far better to put you faith in the record that the actual evidence fits, i.e. Genesis, which tell us that all creatures were created in a fully functional state, and they have reproduced after their kind until they became extinct, or are still living now.

Furthermore, there is no evidence any eurypterids evolved into spiders, lobsters or ticks. The evidence for that is undeniable: whenever we find fossils of spiders, lobsters and ticks, they are fully formed spiders, lobsters and ticks. (Ref. arthropods, giants, extinction)

Evidence News vol. 15, No. 16
16 September 2015
Creation Research Australia

Tough jellies found according to Science Shots 10 July 2015, Live Science and Science Advances doi: 10.1126/sciadv.1500092. Comb jellies are small soft bodied sea creatures with a sac-like body that propel themselves around using eight rows of whip-like hairs called cilia. Scientists in China and USA have studied fossilised specimens of comb jellies in Cambrian rocks in southern China dated as 520 million years old. They identified six different species, three previously unknown, and three known but not closely studied.

The fossils have a similar body structure to living comb jellies but also had skeletons consisting of eight struts and eight rigid plates that surrounded a buoyancy-sensing organ called a statolith. It is not clear whether the struts and plates were made of a mineralised substance (e.g. calcite) or of chitin, the hard substance that forms the cuticles of crustaceans and insects.

The researchers suggest that jellies developed the skeletons as part of an evolutionary arms race. The Science Shots article concludes with: “They lived in a shallow, subtropical ocean at a time when predators and their prey were locked in an evolutionary arms race. Sadly, the armor didn’t save these ancient comb jellies: They were part of a lineage that apparently died out long ago”.

Live Science, Science Shots

Editorial Comment: The concept of an evolutionary arms race does not make sense in the real world. In any predator-prey relationship, the prey will only survive if they already have features to resist being eaten. Not being eaten will not cause creatures to evolve any features they did not already have, since simply surviving does not produce any new genes needed to make new features. Those that avoid getting eaten, for whatever reason, will only pass on the genes for whatever structures and functions they already had, so the next generation will be unchanged, i.e. not evolved. If we look at the actual evidence from fossil and living comb jellies, we do not find any evidence for evolution. We simply find that once there were more kinds of comb jellies, with more features than we see in living comb jellies. This is the opposite of evolution. The evidence from comb jellies fits with the Biblical history of the world, where God created a good world abounding in many kinds of fully functional creatures, but this world has been devastated by many ecological disasters and many creatures have died out, or degenerated and/or become less complex. (Ref. ctenophores, degeneration, extinction)

Evidence News vol. 15, No. 16
16 September 2015
Creation Research Australia

Unchanged amber lizards described in reports in ABC News in Science 28 July 2015, Nature Research Highlights 5 August 2015, and PNAS doi: 10.1073/pnas. 1506516112, 27 July 2015. Emma Sherratt at the University of New England, Armidale, Australia, and colleagues have studied 17 fossil specimens of Anolis lizards preserved in amber from the Dominican Republic.

Amber is the fossilised version of tree sap and Anolis lizards are small lizards that live in trees, forest floors and grasslands of the Caribbean islands.

The amber lizards were very well preserved enabling scientists to compare them with living lizards. Sherratt explained: “Most of ours had full skeletons, and details of the skin were impressed on the amber, providing very detailed images of tiny scales on the body and on the sticky toe pads”.

They were surprised to find the lizards were identical to living lizards. Sherratt went on to say “You could have taken a lizard today, embedded it in resin and it would have looked like one of these creatures. That's how realistic and modern they look”.

Lizards living in the different ecological niches vary in body size, leg length and toe pads, e.g. larger bodied specimens around tree trunks and in the crowns of trees, small bodied short legged specimens living on small branches. The amber specimens had the same variations in body size and structure as seen in living specimens, indicating they lived in similar ecological niches. According to Nature this indicates “communities can remain remarkably stable over long evolutionary timescales”.

The amber is dated as 15 to 20 million years old. The Nature item is entitled “Lizards evolved at snail's pace”.


Editorial Comment: Evolved at a snail’s pace? Actually they have not evolved at all! Truth time guys – they are still identical. Remember that researcher Sherratt said the amber lizards are exactly the same as the living lizards. As such they are evidence that Anolis lizards have multiplied after their kind ever since the time these specimens were preserved in amber. The older scientists believe them to be, the more you prove they have multiplied after their kind.

The variation in leg length and body size amongst living Anolis lizards has been used as evidence for evolution. However, the fossil amber lizards indicate that such variation has always existed, which simply allows lizards of varying shapes and sizes to find an appropriate place to live in the forests and grasslands. See our report Butterflies, Lizards Evolution in Action. (Ref. reptiles, ecology, amber)

Evidence News vol. 15, No. 16
16 September 2015
Creation Research Australia

Dinos pushed up daisies, according ABC News in Science 11 August 2015 and PNAS doi: 10.1073/pnas.1423653112. A group of scientists from Argentina, New Zealand and UK have found fossil pollen grains in rocks from the eastern side of the Antarctic Peninsula. The pollen belongs to the plant family Asteraceae, the group that includes asters, daisies, sunflowers, chrysanthemums, dandelions, and gerberas.

The researcher team described their discovery: “Here we report the discovery of pollen grains unambiguously assigned to Asteraceae that remained buried in Antarctic deposits for more than 65 million years along with other extinct groups (e.g. Dinosaurs, Ammonites). Our discovery drastically pushes back the assumed origin of Asteraceae, because these pollen grains are the oldest fossils ever found for the family”.

The rocks containing the pollen grains are dated as 66-76 million years old. The pollen has been identified as belonging to an extinct species named Tubulifloridites lillei.

The scientists also comment in the summary of their research: “Asteraceae (or Compositae) are regarded as one of the most influential families in the diversification and evolution of a large number of animals that heavily depends on their inflorescences to survive (e.g. bees, hummingbirds, wasps)”.


Editorial Comment: If we can recognise these as pollen grains of the aster or daisy type of plant and label it Tubulifloridites lillei, then the find is evidence that Asteraceae, have always been some kind of Asteraceae, and have never been any other kinds of plant, so they have definitely multiplied after their kind even though some of them have died out.

The comment that Asteraceae influenced the evolution of bees, hummingbirds, wasps and other creatures is just a piece of evolutionary wishful thinking. Many creatures do feed on pollen, nectar and seeds produced by Asteraceae, and in turn pollinate the plants and distribute seeds, but the presence of flowers is not going to change insects or birds that were not bees or hummingbirds into bees and hummingbirds. The mutually beneficial relationship between flowering plants and insects, birds and animals only works if the plants and animals both came into existence within days of one another in their fully functional states, just as Genesis tells us. (Ref. palynology, flowers, botany, palaeobotany)

Evidence News vol. 15, No. 16
16 September 2015
Creation Research Australia