Polystrate Stump on Moors

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Roman era(?) stump we found exposed under the peat on the moors was an excellent example of how fossil polystrate trees (those that poke up through many layers) could never have been buried slowly by peaty material. This tree stump was in the soil below the peat and consisted of a very well preserved root base and nothing else. The moor peat is up to ten feet (3m) thick. The peat started immediately on top of the tree root base. Several smaller trees had grown above this level, but all were terminated immediately above their root system as peat became more prolific on the moors. Most people don't realise that the barren moors of England and Scotland were once tree covered and that the thick peat in many places is at most 2000 years old.

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